DG I agree with most of where you seem to be going here. It is my experience that virtuous pagans in practice are far more numerous than the medievals allowed, especially when we consider that virtuous Christians (let alone priests) are far fewer than we once thought. So much of our appreciation of unexperienced reality is influenced by our preceding theoretic beliefs borrowed from others we regard in awe. A white middle class European has only to experience "full immersion" in a completely foreign, non Christian country (where your survival is at the behest of your sponsors) to realise that there are a lot of very ordinary families out there significantly more compassionate and open than ourselves on average. Sure, acquired virtue amongst the pagans of the likes of Aristotle and co is pretty rare, but somewhat lesser virtue it seems to me is evident in many sincere pagans who are seeking goodness and improvement like some Christians.