Daily Mass readings and feast days

Discussion in 'Scriptural Thoughts' started by Waiting by the window, Sep 30, 2019.

  1. Tuesday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 462

    Reading 1 Jon 3:1-10
    The word of the LORD came to Jonah a second time:
    "Set out for the great city of Nineveh,
    and announce to it the message that I will tell you."
    So Jonah made ready and went to Nineveh,
    according to the LORD's bidding.
    Now Nineveh was an enormously large city;
    it took three days to go through it.
    Jonah began his journey through the city,
    and had gone but a single day's walk announcing,
    "Forty days more and Nineveh shall be destroyed,"
    when the people of Nineveh believed God;
    they proclaimed a fast and all of them, great and small,
    put on sackcloth.

    When the news reached the king of Nineveh,
    he rose from his throne, laid aside his robe,
    covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in the ashes.
    Then he had this proclaimed throughout Nineveh,
    by decree of the king and his nobles:
    "Neither man nor beast, neither cattle nor sheep,
    shall taste anything;
    they shall not eat, nor shall they drink water.
    Man and beast shall be covered with sackcloth
    and call loudly to God;
    every man shall turn from his evil way
    and from the violence he has in hand.
    Who knows, God may relent and forgive,
    and withhold his blazing wrath,
    so that we shall not perish."
    When God saw by their actions how they turned from their evil way,
    he repented of the evil that he had threatened to do to them;
    he did not carry it out.

    Responsorial Psalm PS 130:1b-2, 3-4ab, 7-8
    R.(3) If you, O Lord, mark iniquities, who can stand?
    Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD
    LORD, hear my voice!
    Let your ears be attentive
    to my voice in supplication.
    R. If you, O Lord, mark iniquities, who can stand?
    If you, O LORD, mark iniquities,
    LORD, who can stand?
    But with you is forgiveness,
    that you may be revered.
    R. If you, O Lord, mark iniquities, who can stand?
    Let Israel wait for the LORD,
    For with the LORD is kindness
    and with him is plenteous redemption;
    And he will redeem Israel
    from all their iniquities.
    R. If you, O Lord, mark iniquities, who can stand?

    Alleluia Lk 11:28
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Blessed are those who hear the word of God
    and observe it.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 10:38-42
    Jesus entered a village
    where a woman whose name was Martha welcomed him.
    She had a sister named Mary
    who sat beside the Lord at his feet listening to him speak.
    Martha, burdened with much serving, came to him and said,
    “Lord, do you not care
    that my sister has left me by myself to do the serving?
    Tell her to help me.”
    The Lord said to her in reply,
    “Martha, Martha, you are anxious and worried about many things.
    There is need of only one thing.
    Mary has chosen the better part
    and it will not be taken from her.”
    The saint of the day on the traditional calendar is St. Pelagia (305) Virgin, Martyr.
  2. Wednesday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 463

    Reading 1 Jon 4:1-11

    Jonah was greatly displeased
    and became angry that God did not carry out the evil
    he threatened against Nineveh.
    He prayed, “I beseech you, LORD,
    is not this what I said while I was still in my own country?
    This is why I fled at first to Tarshish.
    I knew that you are a gracious and merciful God,
    slow to anger, rich in clemency, loath to punish.
    And now, LORD, please take my life from me;
    for it is better for me to die than to live.”
    But the LORD asked, “Have you reason to be angry?”

    Jonah then left the city for a place to the east of it,
    where he built himself a hut and waited under it in the shade,
    to see what would happen to the city.
    And when the LORD God provided a gourd plant
    that grew up over Jonah’s head,
    giving shade that relieved him of any discomfort,
    Jonah was very happy over the plant.
    But the next morning at dawn
    God sent a worm that attacked the plant,
    so that it withered.
    And when the sun arose, God sent a burning east wind;
    and the sun beat upon Jonah’s head till he became faint.
    Then Jonah asked for death, saying,
    “I would be better off dead than alive.”

    But God said to Jonah,
    “Have you reason to be angry over the plant?”
    “I have reason to be angry,” Jonah answered, “angry enough to die.”
    Then the LORD said,
    “You are concerned over the plant which cost you no labor
    and which you did not raise;
    it came up in one night and in one night it perished.
    And should I not be concerned over Nineveh, the great city,
    in which there are more than a hundred and twenty thousand persons
    who cannot distinguish their right hand from their left,
    not to mention the many cattle?”

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 86:3-4, 5-6, 9-10
    R.(15) Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    Have mercy on me, O Lord,
    for to you I call all the day.
    Gladden the soul of your servant,
    for to you, O Lord, I lift up my soul.
    R. Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    For you, O Lord, are good and forgiving,
    abounding in kindness to all who call upon you.
    Hearken, O LORD, to my prayer
    and attend to the sound of my pleading.
    R. Lord, you are merciful and gracious.
    All the nations you have made shall come
    and worship you, O Lord,
    and glorify your name.
    For you are great, and you do wondrous deeds;
    you alone are God.
    R. Lord, you are merciful and gracious.

    Alleluia Rom 8:15bc
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    You have received a spirit of adoption as sons
    through which we cry: Abba! Father!
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:1-4
    Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when he had finished,
    one of his disciples said to him,
    "Lord, teach us to pray just as John taught his disciples."
    He said to them, "When you pray, say:

    Father, hallowed be your name,
    your Kingdom come.
    Give us each day our daily bread
    and forgive us our sins
    for we ourselves forgive everyone in debt to us,
    and do not subject us to the final test."

    Memorial of Saint Denis and Companions
    St. Denis, Bishop, Martyr, and his companions. St. Denis is invoked against demons
    He is usually represented with his head in his hands because, according to the legend, after his execution his corpse rose and carried the head for some distance. While still very young Denis was distinguished for his virtuous life, respect and knowledge of sacred things, and firm faith. Pope Fabian (236-250) sent him with some other missionary bishops to Gaul (France) on a difficult mission. The Christians of Gaul had suffered terribly under the persecution of the Emporer Decius. Denis and the priest Rusticus and the deacon Eleutherius were to try to restore it to its former flourishing holiness. Denis with his companions, arrived in the neighborhood of the present city of Paris and settled on the island in the Seine. Denis with his two companions were seized and as they persevered in their faith were beheaded (about 275) after many tortures.
  3. Thursday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 464

    Reading 1 Mal 3:13-20b
    You have defied me in word, says the LORD,
    yet you ask, "What have we spoken against you?"
    You have said, "It is vain to serve God,
    and what do we profit by keeping his command,
    And going about in penitential dress
    in awe of the LORD of hosts?
    Rather must we call the proud blessed;
    for indeed evildoers prosper,
    and even tempt God with impunity."
    Then they who fear the LORD spoke with one another,
    and the LORD listened attentively;
    And a record book was written before him
    of those who fear the LORD and trust in his name.
    And they shall be mine, says the LORD of hosts,
    my own special possession, on the day I take action.
    And I will have compassion on them,
    as a man has compassion on his son who serves him.
    Then you will again see the distinction
    between the just and the wicked;
    Between the one who serves God,
    and the one who does not serve him.
    For lo, the day is coming, blazing like an oven,
    when all the proud and all evildoers will be stubble,
    And the day that is coming will set them on fire,
    leaving them neither root nor branch,
    says the LORD of hosts.
    But for you who fear my name, there will arise
    the sun of justice with its healing rays.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 1:1-2, 3, 4 and 6
    R.(Ps 40:5a) Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
    Blessed the man who follows not
    the counsel of the wicked
    Nor walks in the way of sinners,
    nor sits in the company of the insolent,
    But delights in the law of the LORD
    and meditates on his law day and night.
    R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
    He is like a tree
    planted near running water,
    That yields its fruit in due season,
    and whose leaves never fade.
    Whatever he does, prospers.
    R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.
    Not so the wicked, not so;
    they are like chaff which the wind drives away.
    For the LORD watches over the way of the just,
    but the way of the wicked vanishes.
    R. Blessed are they who hope in the Lord.

    Alleluia See Acts 16:14b
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Open your hearts, O Lord,
    to listen to the words of your Son.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:5-13
    Jesus said to his disciples:
    "Suppose one of you has a friend
    to whom he goes at midnight and says,
    'Friend, lend me three loaves of bread,
    for a friend of mine has arrived at my house from a journey
    and I have nothing to offer him,'
    and he says in reply from within,
    'Do not bother me; the door has already been locked
    and my children and I are already in bed.
    I cannot get up to give you anything.'
    I tell you, if he does not get up to give him the loaves
    because of their friendship,
    he will get up to give him whatever he needs
    because of his persistence.

    "And I tell you, ask and you will receive;
    seek and you will find;
    knock and the door will be opened to you.
    For everyone who asks, receives;
    and the one who seeks, finds;
    and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened.
    What father among you would hand his son a snake
    when he asks for a fish?
    Or hand him a scorpion when he asks for an egg?
    If you then, who are wicked,
    know how to give good gifts to your children,
    how much more will the Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit
    to those who ask him?"

    Saint Francis Borgia, Priest
    Born:Oct 28, 1510, Duchy of Gandía, Kingdom of Valencia, Spain
    Died:Sept 30, 1572, Rome, Papal States
    Saint Francis Borgia, S.J., 4th Duke of Gandía was a great-grandson of Pope Alexander VI, a Grandee of Spain, a Spanish Jesuit, and third Superior General of the Society of Jesus.
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  4. Friday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 465

    Reading 1 Jl1:13-15; 2:1-2
    Gird yourselves and weep, O priests!
    wail, O ministers of the altar!
    Come, spend the night in sackcloth,
    O ministers of my God!
    The house of your God is deprived
    of offering and libation.
    Proclaim a fast,
    call an assembly;
    Gather the elders,
    all who dwell in the land,
    Into the house of the LORD, your God,
    and cry to the LORD!

    Alas, the day!
    for near is the day of the LORD,
    and it comes as ruin from the Almighty.

    Blow the trumpet in Zion,
    sound the alarm on my holy mountain!
    Let all who dwell in the land tremble,
    for the day of the LORD is coming;
    Yes, it is near, a day of darkness and of gloom,
    a day of clouds and somberness!
    Like dawn spreading over the mountains,
    a people numerous and mighty!
    Their like has not been from of old,
    nor will it be after them,
    even to the years of distant generations.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 9:2-3, 6 and 16, 8-9
    R.(9) The Lord will judge the world with justice.
    I will give thanks to you, O LORD, with all my heart;
    I will declare all your wondrous deeds.
    I will be glad and exult in you;
    I will sing praise to your name, Most High.
    R. The Lord will judge the world with justice.
    You rebuked the nations and destroyed the wicked;
    their name you blotted out forever and ever.
    The nations are sunk in the pit they have made;
    in the snare they set, their foot is caught.
    R. The Lord will judge the world with justice.
    But the LORD sits enthroned forever;
    he has set up his throne for judgment.
    He judges the world with justice;
    he governs the peoples with equity.
    R. The Lord will judge the world with justice.
    Alleluia Jn 12:31b-32

    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    The prince of this world will now be cast out,
    and when I am lifted up from the earth
    I will draw all to myself, says the Lord.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia

    Gospel Lk 11:15-26
    When Jesus had driven out a demon, some of the crowd said:
    "By the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons,
    he drives out demons."
    Others, to test him, asked him for a sign from heaven.
    But he knew their thoughts and said to them,
    "Every kingdom divided against itself will be laid waste
    and house will fall against house.
    And if Satan is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand?
    For you say that it is by Beelzebul that I drive out demons.
    If I, then, drive out demons by Beelzebul,
    by whom do your own people drive them out?
    Therefore they will be your judges.
    But if it is by the finger of God that I drive out demons,
    then the Kingdom of God has come upon you.
    When a strong man fully armed guards his palace,
    his possessions are safe.
    But when one stronger than he attacks and overcomes him,
    he takes away the armor on which he relied
    and distributes the spoils.
    Whoever is not with me is against me,
    and whoever does not gather with me scatters.

    "When an unclean spirit goes out of someone,
    it roams through arid regions searching for rest
    but, finding none, it says,
    'I shall return to my home from which I came.'
    But upon returning, it finds it swept clean and put in order.
    Then it goes and brings back seven other spirits
    more wicked than itself who move in and dwell there,
    and the last condition of that man is worse than the first."

    Pope Saint John XXIII
    Pope John XXIII was head of the Catholic Church and sovereign of the Vatican City State from 28 October 1958 to his death in 1963; he was canonized on 27 April 2014. Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was one of thirteen children born to a family of sharecroppers who lived in a village in Lombardy.
  5. I would be remiss if I didn't also post that October 11 is the Feast of the Divine Maternity of Our Lady. Also it is probably the nameday for the forum, so Happy Nameday, forum readers.
    The Divine Motherhood is one of the four Marian Dogmas of the Catholic Church. An explanation is given from the Catholic News Agency
    1) Divine Motherhood

    Mary's divine motherhood was proclaimed at the Council of Ephesus in 431.

    Various names are used to describe Mary's role as mother of Jesus. She is called "Mother of God" which translates the more accurately stated greek term "Theotokos" or "Birthgiver of God."

    The Council of Ephesus (431) attributed to Mary the title, Mother of God. This needs to be read against the Council's declaration that in Christ there are two natures, one divine and one human, but only one person. Indeed, according to the Council the holy virgin is the Mother of God since she begot according to the flesh the Word of God made flesh. This decision was further explained by the Council of Chalcedon (451) which says with regard to Mary's divine motherhood:

    "...begotten from the Father before the ages as regards his godhead, and in the last days, the same, because of us and because of our salvation begotten from the Virgin Mary, the Theotokos, as regards his manhood; one and the same Christ, Son, Lord, only-begotten..."

    Mary's Divine Motherhood was not the object of an independent or exclusive dogmatic declaration. The statement is embedded in texts defining the person and natures of Jesus Christ. Thus, the dogma of Divine Motherhood becomes an integral part of the christological dogma. This does not diminish its definitive and binding character. The dogma of Divine Motherhood is generally accepted by all Christian denominations.
    Last edited: Oct 11, 2019
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  6. October 12
    Saturday of the Twenty-seventh Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 466

    Reading 1 Jl 4:12-21
    Thus says the LORD:
    Let the nations bestir themselves and come up
    to the Valley of Jehoshaphat;
    For there will I sit in judgment
    upon all the neighboring nations.

    Apply the sickle,
    for the harvest is ripe;
    Come and tread,
    for the wine press is full;
    The vats overflow,
    for great is their malice.
    Crowd upon crowd
    in the valley of decision;
    For near is the day of the LORD
    in the valley of decision.
    Sun and moon are darkened,
    and the stars withhold their brightness.
    The LORD roars from Zion,
    and from Jerusalem raises his voice;
    The heavens and the earth quake,
    but the LORD is a refuge to his people,
    a stronghold to the children of Israel.

    Then shall you know that I, the LORD, am your God,
    dwelling on Zion, my holy mountain;
    Jerusalem shall be holy,
    and strangers shall pass through her no more.
    And then, on that day,
    the mountains shall drip new wine,
    and the hills shall flow with milk;
    And the channels of Judah
    shall flow with water:
    A fountain shall issue from the house of the LORD,
    to water the Valley of Shittim.
    Egypt shall be a waste,
    and Edom a desert waste,
    Because of violence done to the people of Judah,
    because they shed innocent blood in their land.
    But Judah shall abide forever,
    and Jerusalem for all generations.
    I will avenge their blood,
    and not leave it unpunished.
    The LORD dwells in Zion.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 97:1-2, 5-6, 11-12
    R.(12a) Rejoice in the Lord, you just!
    The LORD is king; let the earth rejoice;
    let the many isles be glad.
    Clouds and darkness are round about him,
    justice and judgment are the foundation of his throne.
    R. Rejoice in the Lord, you just!
    The mountains melt like wax before the LORD,
    before the LORD of all the earth.
    The heavens proclaim his justice,
    and all peoples see his glory.
    R. Rejoice in the Lord, you just!
    Light dawns for the just;
    and gladness, for the upright of heart.
    Be glad in the LORD, you just,
    and give thanks to his holy name.
    R. Rejoice in the Lord, you just!

    Alleluia Lk 11:28
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Blessed are those who hear the word of God
    and observe it.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:27-28
    While Jesus was speaking,
    a woman from the crowd called out and said to him,
    "Blessed is the womb that carried you
    and the breasts at which you nursed."
    He replied, "Rather, blessed are those
    who hear the word of God and observe it."

    Feast day of Our Lady of the Pillar

    Our Lady of the Pillar is the name given to the Blessed Virgin Mary in the context of the traditional belief that the Virgin Mary, while living in Jerusalem, supernaturally appeared to the Apostle St. James the Greater in AD 40 while he was preaching in what is now Spain in the first apparition in Europe (40 AD)
    Location:Zaragoza, Spain
    Date:12 October AD 40 (traditional)

    Also.......St. Wilfrid, Bishop of York, confessor (633-709)
    Wilfrid was an English bishop and saint. Born a Northumbrian noble, he entered religious life as a teenager and studied at Lindisfarne, at Canterbury, in Gaul, and at Rome; he returned to Northumbria in about 660, and became the abbot of a newly founded monastery.
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  7. Twenty-eighth Sunday in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 144

    Reading 1 2 Kgs 5:14-17

    Naaman went down and plunged into the Jordan seven times
    at the word of Elisha, the man of God.
    His flesh became again like the flesh of a little child,
    and he was clean of his leprosy.

    Naaman returned with his whole retinue to the man of God.
    On his arrival he stood before Elisha and said,
    "Now I know that there is no God in all the earth,
    except in Israel.
    Please accept a gift from your servant."

    Elisha replied, "As the LORD lives whom I serve, I will not take it;"
    and despite Naaman's urging, he still refused.
    Naaman said: "If you will not accept,
    please let me, your servant, have two mule-loads of earth,
    for I will no longer offer holocaust or sacrifice
    to any other god except to the LORD."

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 98:1, 2-3, 3-4
    R. (cf. 2b) The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power.
    Sing to the LORD a new song,
    for he has done wondrous deeds;
    his right hand has won victory for him,
    his holy arm.
    R. The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power.
    The LORD has made his salvation known:
    in the sight of the nations he has revealed his justice.
    He has remembered his kindness and his faithfulness
    toward the house of Israel.
    R. The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power.
    All the ends of the earth have seen
    the salvation by our God.
    Sing joyfully to the LORD, all you lands:
    break into song; sing praise.
    R. The Lord has revealed to the nations his saving power.

    Reading 2 2 Tm 2:8-13
    Remember Jesus Christ, raised from the dead, a descendant of David:
    such is my gospel, for which I am suffering,
    even to the point of chains, like a criminal.
    But the word of God is not chained.
    Therefore, I bear with everything for the sake of those who are chosen,
    so that they too may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus,
    together with eternal glory.
    This saying is trustworthy:
    If we have died with him
    we shall also live with him;
    if we persevere
    we shall also reign with him.
    But if we deny him
    he will deny us.
    If we are unfaithful
    he remains faithful,
    for he cannot deny himself.

    Alleluia 1 Thes 5:18
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    In all circumstances, give thanks,
    for this is the will of God for you in Christ Jesus.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 17:11-19
    As Jesus continued his journey to Jerusalem,
    he traveled through Samaria and Galilee.
    As he was entering a village, ten lepers met him.
    They stood at a distance from him and raised their voices, saying,
    "Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!"
    And when he saw them, he said,
    "Go show yourselves to the priests."
    As they were going they were cleansed.
    And one of them, realizing he had been healed,
    returned, glorifying God in a loud voice;
    and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him.
    He was a Samaritan.
    Jesus said in reply,
    "Ten were cleansed, were they not?
    Where are the other nine?
    Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?"
    Then he said to him, "Stand up and go;
    your faith has saved you."

    Anniversary of final Fatima Apparition
    From ewtn regarding the October 13, 1917 apparition
    As for the children, they made their way to the Cova amid the adulation and skepticism which had followed them since May. When they arrived they found critics who questioned their veracity and the punctuality of the Lady, who had promised to arrive at noon. It was well passed noon by the official time of the country. However, when the sun arrived at its zenith the Lady appeared as she had said she would.

    "What do you want of me?"

    I want a chapel built here in my honor. I want you to continue saying the Rosary every day. The war will end soon, and the soldiers will return to their homes.

    "Yes. Yes."

    "Will you tell me your name?"

    I am the Lady of the Rosary.

    "I have many petitions from many people. Will you grant them?"

    Some I shall grant, and others I must deny. People must amend their lives and ask pardon for their sins. They must not offend our Lord any more, for He is already too much offended!

    "And is that all you have to ask?"

    There is nothing more.

    As the Lady of the Rosary rises toward the east she turns the palms of her hands toward the dark sky. While the rain had stopped, dark clouds continued to obscure the sun, which suddenly bursts through them and is seen to be a soft spinning disk of silver.

    "Look at the sun!"

    From this point two distinct apparitions were seen, that of the phenomenon of the sun seen by the 70,000 or so spectators and that beheld by the children alone. Lucia describes the latter in her memoirs.

    After our Lady had disappeared into the immense distance of the firmament, we beheld St. Joseph with the Child Jesus and Our Lady robed in white with a blue mantle, beside the sun. St. Joseph and the Child Jesus seemed to bless the world, for they traced the Sign of the Cross with their hands. When, a little later, this apparition disappeared, I saw Our Lord and Our lady; it seemed to me to that it was Our Lady of Sorrows (Dolors). Our Lord appeared to bless the world in the same manner as St. Joseph had done. This apparition also vanished, and I saw Our Lady once more, this time resembling Our Lady of Carmel. [Only Lucia would see the later, presaging her entrance into Carmel some years later.]

    This would be the last of the apparitions of Fátima for Jacinta and Francisco. However, for Lucia Our Lady would return a seventh time, in 1920, as she had promised the previous May. At that time Lucia would be praying in the Cova before leaving Fátima for a girls boarding school. The Lady would come to urge her to dedicate herself wholly to God.
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  8. October 14
    Monday of the Twenty-eighth Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 467

    Reading 1 Rom 1:1-7
    Paul, a slave of Christ Jesus,
    called to be an Apostle and set apart for the Gospel of God,
    which he promised previously through his prophets in the holy Scriptures,
    the Gospel about his Son, descended from David according to the flesh,
    but established as Son of God in power
    according to the Spirit of holiness
    through resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord.
    Through him we have received the grace of apostleship,
    to bring about the obedience of faith,
    for the sake of his name, among all the Gentiles,
    among whom are you also, who are called to belong to Jesus Christ;
    to all the beloved of God in Rome, called to be holy.
    Grace to you and peace from God our Father
    and the Lord Jesus Christ.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 98:1bcde, 2-3ab, 3cd-4
    R.(2a) The Lord has made known his salvation.
    Sing to the LORD a new song,
    for he has done wondrous deeds;
    His right hand has won victory for him,
    his holy arm.
    R. The Lord has made known his salvation.
    The LORD has made his salvation known:
    in the sight of the nations he has revealed his justice.
    He has remembered his kindness and his faithfulness
    toward the house of Israel.
    R. The Lord has made known his salvation.
    All the ends of the earth have seen
    the salvation by our God.
    Sing joyfully to the LORD, all you lands;
    break into song; sing praise.
    R. The Lord has made known his salvation.

    Alleluia Ps 95:8
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    If today you hear his voice,
    harden not your hearts.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:29-32
    While still more people gathered in the crowd, Jesus said to them,
    "This generation is an evil generation;
    it seeks a sign, but no sign will be given it,
    except the sign of Jonah.
    Just as Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites,
    so will the Son of Man be to this generation.
    At the judgment
    the queen of the south will rise with the men of this generation
    and she will condemn them,
    because she came from the ends of the earth
    to hear the wisdom of Solomon,
    and there is something greater than Solomon here.
    At the judgment the men of Nineveh will arise with this generation
    and condemn it,
    because at the preaching of Jonah they repented,
    and there is something greater than Jonah here."

    Today is the feast day of St. Callistus, Pope and martyr
    (I'm glad I read about this person's life because it seems that the Church is more often than not, in turmoil)
    This bio is taken from www.franciscanmedia.org/saint-callistus-i/
    Saint Callistus I’s Story
    The most reliable information about this saint comes from his enemy Saint Hippolytus, an early antipope, later a martyr for the Church. A negative principle is used: If some worse things had happened, Hippolytus would surely have mentioned them.

    Callistus was a slave in the imperial Roman household. Put in charge of the bank by his master, he lost the money deposited, fled, and was caught. After serving time for a while, he was released to make some attempt to recover the money. Apparently he carried his zeal too far, being arrested for brawling in a Jewish synagogue. This time he was condemned to work in the mines of Sardinia. Through the influence of the emperor’s mistress he was released and went to live at Anzio.

    After winning his freedom, Callistus was made superintendent of the public Christian burial ground in Rome—still called the cemetery of Saint Callistus—probably the first land owned by the Church. The pope ordained him a deacon and made him his friend and adviser.

    Callistus was elected pope by a majority vote of the clergy and laity of Rome, and thereafter was bitterly attacked by the losing candidate, Saint Hippolytus, who let himself be set up as the first antipope in the history of the Church. The schism lasted about 18 years.

    Hippolytus is venerated as a saint. He was banished during the persecution of 235 and was reconciled to the Church. He died from his sufferings in Sardinia. He attacked Callistus on two fronts—doctrine and discipline. Hippolytus seems to have exaggerated the distinction between Father and Son—almost making two gods—possibly because theological language had not yet been refined. This next part is from wikipedia He started to admit into the church converts from sects or schisms who had not done penance. He fought with success the heretics, and established the practice of absolution of all sins, including adultery and murder. Hippolytus found Callistus's policy of extending forgiveness of sins to cover sexual transgressions shockingly lax and denounced him for allowing believers to regularize liaisons with their own slaves by recognizing them as valid marriages. As a consequence also of doctrinal differences, Hippolytus was elected as a rival bishop of Rome, the first antipope.

    Callistus was martyred during a local disturbance (he was thrown out of a window during an uprising) in Trastevere, Rome, and is the first pope—except for Peter—to be commemorated as a martyr in the earliest martyrology of the Church.
    Last edited: Oct 14, 2019
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  9. October 15
    Memorial of Saint Teresa of Jesus, Virgin and Doctor of the Church, patroness of those who suffer from headaches
    Lectionary: 468

    Reading 1 Rom 1:16-25

    Brothers and sisters:
    I am not ashamed of the Gospel.
    It is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes:
    for Jew first, and then Greek.
    For in it is revealed the righteousness of God from faith to faith;
    as it is written, "The one who is righteous by faith will live."

    The wrath of God is indeed being revealed from heaven
    against every impiety and wickedness
    of those who suppress the truth by their wickedness.
    For what can be known about God is evident to them,
    because God made it evident to them.
    Ever since the creation of the world,
    his invisible attributes of eternal power and divinity
    have been able to be understood and perceived in what he has made.
    As a result, they have no excuse;
    for although they knew God
    they did not accord him glory as God or give him thanks.
    Instead, they became vain in their reasoning,
    and their senseless minds were darkened.
    While claiming to be wise, they became fools
    and exchanged the glory of the immortal God
    for the likeness of an image of mortal man
    or of birds or of four-legged animals or of snakes.

    Therefore, God handed them over to impurity
    through the lusts of their hearts
    for the mutual degradation of their bodies.
    They exchanged the truth of God for a lie
    and revered and worshiped the creature rather than the creator,
    who is blessed forever. Amen.

    Responsorial Psalm PS 19:2-3, 4-5

    R.(2a) The heavens proclaim the glory of God.
    The heavens declare the glory of God,
    and the firmament proclaims his handiwork.
    Day pours out the word to day,
    and night to night imparts knowledge.
    R. The heavens proclaim the glory of God.
    Not a word nor a discourse
    whose voice is not heard;
    Through all the earth their voice resounds,
    and to the ends of the world, their message.
    R. The heavens proclaim the glory of God.

    Alleluia Heb 4:12
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    The word of God is living and effective,
    able to discern reflections and thoughts of the heart.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:37-41
    After Jesus had spoken,
    a Pharisee invited him to dine at his home.
    He entered and reclined at table to eat.
    The Pharisee was amazed to see
    that he did not observe the prescribed washing before the meal.
    The Lord said to him, “Oh you Pharisees!
    Although you cleanse the outside of the cup and the dish,
    inside you are filled with plunder and evil.
    You fools!
    Did not the maker of the outside also make the inside?
    But as to what is within, give alms,
    and behold, everything will be clean for you.”

    There is a biography of St. Teresa of Avila at this link https://www.biographyonline.net/spiritual/st_teresa_avila.html It should be noted that in addition to writing Way of Perfection, she also wrote Interior Castle.
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  10. October 16
    Wednesday of the Twenty-eighth Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 469

    Reading 1 Rom 2:1-11

    You, O man, are without excuse, every one of you who passes judgment.
    For by the standard by which you judge another you condemn yourself,
    since you, the judge, do the very same things.
    We know that the judgment of God on those who do such things is true.
    Do you suppose, then, you who judge those who engage in such things
    and yet do them yourself,
    that you will escape the judgment of God?
    Or do you hold his priceless kindness, forbearance, and patience
    in low esteem, unaware that the kindness of God
    would lead you to repentance?
    By your stubbornness and impenitent heart,
    you are storing up wrath for yourself
    for the day of wrath and revelation
    of the just judgment of God,
    who will repay everyone according to his works,
    eternal life to those who seek glory, honor, and immortality
    through perseverance in good works,
    but wrath and fury to those who selfishly disobey the truth
    and obey wickedness.
    Yes, affliction and distress will come upon everyone
    who does evil, Jew first and then Greek.
    But there will be glory, honor, and peace for everyone
    who does good, Jew first and then Greek.
    There is no partiality with God.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 62:2-3, 6-7, 9
    R.(13b) Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
    Only in God is my soul at rest;
    from him comes my salvation.
    He only is my rock and my salvation,
    my stronghold; I shall not be disturbed at all.
    R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
    Only in God be at rest, my soul,
    for from him comes my hope.
    He only is my rock and my salvation,
    my stronghold; I shall not be disturbed.
    R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.
    Trust in him at all times, O my people!
    Pour out your hearts before him;
    God is our refuge!
    R. Lord, you give back to everyone according to his works.

    Alleluia Jn 10:27
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    My sheep hear my voice, says the Lord;
    I know them, and they follow me.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:42-46
    The Lord said:
    "Woe to you Pharisees!
    You pay tithes of mint and of rue and of every garden herb,
    but you pay no attention to judgment and to love for God.
    These you should have done, without overlooking the others.
    Woe to you Pharisees!
    You love the seat of honor in synagogues
    and greetings in marketplaces.
    Woe to you!
    You are like unseen graves over which people unknowingly walk."

    Then one of the scholars of the law said to him in reply,
    "Teacher, by saying this you are insulting us too."
    And he said, "Woe also to you scholars of the law!
    You impose on people burdens hard to carry,
    but you yourselves do not lift one finger to touch them."

    Feast day of St. Hedwig (1174-1243)
    Feast of St. Gerard Majella ( died 1755) Religious and patron of expectant mothers
    Feast of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque, Religious and receiver of the devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
    A writing on the life of St. Margaret Mary and her attempt to get King Louis to consecrate France to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
    A new religious order (the Order of the Visitation) was attracting young women for Christ in France, namely, a simple and holy woman, Margaret Mary Alacoque, born in 1647. The holiness of the Sisters of the Visitation Order were renown and Margaret Mary decided to join them. Sister Margaret Mary was not remarkable in any way except for her prayer life. Oftentimes, she would pray for twelve hours at a time on her knees in front of the Blessed Sacrament. She would not move or grow weary during hours of prayer on her knees. The other sisters described that she was almost as still as a statue and was conscious only of the Savior during prayer. At times they would have to nudge Sister Margaret Mary to bring her attention back to her surroundings. It was during these intense prayer times that Sister Margaret Mary beheld three grand apparitions of Our Lord’s Sacred Heart. The first was on December 27, 1673 (the Feast of Saint John the Evangelist) that Sister Margaret Mary saw the Heart of Jesus with flames coming out of it. He told her, “My Divine Heart is so passionately in love with all people that it cannot contain within Itself the flames of love. It must pour them out and manifest Itself to enrich everyone with the graces they need to be saved from perdition. I have chosen you to accomplish this plan.” Then Jesus asked Margaret Mary to give Him her heart.
    Margaret Mary said, ‘He asked for my heart, and I gave it to Him. He did so, and put it into His Own Adorable Heart, in which He allowed me to see it as a little atom being consumed in that fiery furnace.
    Then, drawing it out like a burning flame in the form of a heart, He put it into the place whence He had taken it, saying: ‘Behold, My beloved, a precious proof of My love. I enclose in thy heart a little spark of the most ardent flame of My love, to serve thee as a heart and to consume thee till thy last moment. Until now thou hast taken only the name of My slave; henceforth thou shalt be called the well-beloved disciple of My Sacred Heart.
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  11. continued
    The next year Jesus appeared again with a stern look on His face and showed Margaret Mary his five wounds shining gloriously as suns and His Sacred Heart that was burning like a furnace. He made known to Margaret Mary ‘the inexplicable wonders of His pure love, and to what an excess He had carried it for the love of men, from whom He had received only ingratitude.’ He said, “Do you, at least, console Me by supplying as much as you can for their ingratitude?” Then Jesus asked Margaret Mary to receive Holy Communion on the First Friday of every month and to make a Holy hour in front of the Blessed Sacrament from 11 pm Thursday to 12 am Friday every week. She was to lie prostrate with her face to the ground, to make reparation for the sins of men and to console the Sacred Heart.
    On June 16th of 1675 Jesus appeared to Margaret Mary and asked her to make known to all that He wished to establish public devotion to His Heart by a special feast day on the first Friday of the month after the octave for the Feast of Corpus Christi. On that day all should receive Holy Communion and make reparation for the indignity that Our Lord receives. Jesus said, “I promise that My Heart shall dilate to pour out abundantly the influences of its love on all that will render it honor or procure its honor being rendered.” Margaret Mary told her confessor, Father Claude de la Colombiere, what Jesus had asked of her. He asked Margaret Mary to write down full accounts of the apparitions. After studying them, Father Colombiere gave his consent. Both Sister Margaret Mary and Father Colombiere consecrated themselves to the Sacred Heart on June 21, 1675. For the next fourteen years Sister Margaret Mary and Father Colombiere discreetly prayed and spread devotion to the Sacred Heart. An image of the Divine Heart was made and venerated at the convent. A booklet of prayers to the Sacred Heart was prepared to include a little office to the Sacred Heart, a litany, a prayer of reparation and a consecration prayer along with the image of the Holy Heart. The booklet was popular and had to be reprinted many times because the demand was so strong. The very first Mass of the Sacred Heart was celebrated on the February 4, 1689 (a First Friday) at the Visitation convent in Paray, France.
    Sister Margaret Mary was a victim soul for the launch of devotion to the Sacred Heart. Our Lord once showed her an image of a cross covered with beautiful flowers. As Margaret Mary was marveling at the beauty of the flowers, Jesus said, “Behold! One by one these flowers will fade, and nothing will remain but the thorns they now hide from thy weakness. But thou wilt feel their points so keenly that all the strength of My love will be needed by thee to enable thee to accomplish thy martyrdom.” After Jesus held Margaret Mary’s heart and enlivened it within His own and then replaced it, Margaret suffered from a painful wound in her side. She also suffered from fever after fever after fever. Her doctor noted that Margaret Mary had sixty consecutive fevers that resisted every known remedy. The fevers exhausted her and left her constantly thirsty. One wonders why this obscure nun would have so much reparation to suffer for the Heart of Jesus? Look to the reigning monarchy for context. , so to give some perspective on contemporary France, a little background on the king of France, Louis XIV, is presented.
    Louis the 14th was the son of Louis the 13th and Anne of Austria. His parents had been trying for twenty-three years to have a baby. Anne had suffered from the deaths of four still-born babies. However, Anne most assuredly found solace in the new devotion to the Infant Jesus of Prague (1637, “The more you honor Me, the more I will bless you”) for a successful pregnancy and healthy baby. Her prayer was answered and Louis the 14th was born September 5, 1638. During his reign, King Louis the 14th centralized power for the monarchy and involved France in many battles for land and prestige. He built the Palace of Versailles and spent lavishly on opulent parties. In addition to his wife, Queen Marie Therese, Louis had several mistresses with whom he had children. After the Queen died in 1683, Louis married the governess to his children, Françoise, a pious Catholic woman. After his second marriage, Louis changed. He rejected the temptation to nationalize the Catholic faith in France and become the head of the church as England had already done and France had become the strongest country in Europe. It was at this time, 1689, that Jesus, through Margaret Mary Alacoque, offered King Louis XIV an incredible opportunity for grace for himself, the monarchy and France.
    Through letters to a former Mother Superior, Sister Margaret Mary revealed that Jesus wanted King Louis to consecrate himself and the court to His Sacred Heart. Jesus told her, “Make known to the eldest son of My Heart (King Louis the 14th) that as his temporal birth was obtained through devotion to the merits of My Holy Childhood (Devotion to the Infant Jesus of Prague), in the same manner he will obtain his birth of grace and eternal glory by the Consecration that he will make of himself to My Adorable Heart, which wishes to triumph over those of the great ones of the world. It wishes to reign in his palace, to be painted on his standards (battle flags) and engraven on his arms, in order to render him victorious over all his enemies.” Jesus also wanted an image of His Heart to be enshrined in the palace so that He could ‘receive the consecration and homage of the king and all the court.’ Furthermore, Jesus wanted the Mass celebrating the Sacred Heart to be offered with King Louis and his court in attendance. In return, Jesus promised that God would dispense the treasures of His graces of sanctification and salvation, by bestowing His benediction on the king’s undertakings to bring a happy success to his battles, and make him triumph over the malice of his enemies. Do you know what happened? Absolutely nothing! No consecration, no picture enthroned in the palace and no Devotional Mass to the Sacred Heart. God gave Louis time, the last twenty-six years of his monarchy, but no consecration was made. No consecration was made during the reign of Louis the 15th, either. It is easy to look back in history and lament the tragic missed opportunity, but as you read on, you will see what this missed opportunity for grace cost. The brutality and upheaval that the French Revolution wrought could have been avoided had the king welcomed the opportunity from Heaven that Jesus offered to King Louis XIV (14th) during the life of Saint Margaret Mary.
    Fast forward to the reign of King Louis the 16th shows that France was in distress. Economically, the peasant class was taxed heavily to pay for foreign wars, the monarchy of King Louis XVI’s extravagance, and a rising national debt. Additionally, food shortages were common and people began questioning why they had to expend all their effort to pay for the whims of the monarchy. Jean-Jacques Rousseau wrote the essay The Social Contract in which he set forth that citizens had a voice in making laws. He argued that the right to govern did not come from God, but from the citizenry, in idea revolutionary to Catholic France that had been ruled by Kings consecrated to God for hundreds of years. During a previous tumultuous time, Saint Joan of Arc, the patroness of France went into battle by divine summons to restore the monarchy to the rightful King and ultimately was martyred.
    As conditions deteriorated, the revolutionaries, who were mainly lawyers, began to systematically strip away power from King Louis XVI, but in order to do this, they also had to stamp out the Catholic Church in France. On July 12, 1790 an offensive document called the Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed by an assembly, which was steadily becoming the ruling body of France. In it, the document stated that Pastors and Bishops were to be elected by the people instead of being consecrated and installed by the Pope. Pope Pius VI strenuously disagreed with the document and sent many communications to Louis XVI not to sign the law. Bishops loyal to Rome urged the faithful to oppose the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. As the disagreement escalated, a decree was set forth that within a week all Bishops and Priests of France were to take an oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy or face prosecution as disturbers of the peace. King Louis held out signing the document, but as protests and threats escalated, he eventually signed it December 26, 1790. Statistics taken in 1791 show that only 4 Bishops out of 125 took the oath to the constitution and about one-third of the 23,093 priests took the oath. The faithful clergy who didn’t swear to the civil constitution would be threatened, forced to emigrate, imprisoned and even martyred during the ensuing years of the revolution. Rome retaliated on March 19, 1792 saying that any priest who took the oath to the constitution had sixty days to retract the oath or face excommunication as did all Catholics who were the parishioners of the civil priests. The assembly shot back with a decree that said all priests who didn’t take the oath would be deported and if they returned, they would be imprisoned. Louis XVI vetoed the decree but that prompted more retaliatory actions against himself and the clergy loyal to Rome. Louis and his family were imprisoned in September 1792.
  12. continued
    While in prison, Louis had time to think and pray. It was while in prison that he made the consecration of France to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
    This is the text of Louis the 16th Consecration to the Sacred Heart:
    Thou seest, O my God, the wounds that rend my heart, the depth of the abyss into which I am fallen, and the innumerable evils that encompass me on all sides! To my own frightful misfortunes and those of my family are joined, to overwhelm my soul, those that sweep over the face of my kingdom. The cries of the unfortunate, the groans of oppressed religious sound in my ears. An interior voice again warns me that perhaps Thy justice reproaches me with all these calamities, because in the days of my power I did not repress their principal sources, namely, the license of the people and irreligion; because I myself have furnished triumphant heresy with arms by favoring it with laws which have increased its strength and rendered it audacious.
    O Jesus Christ, Divine Redeemer of all our iniquities, it is into Thy Adorable Heart, that I desire to pour out my afflicted soul. I call to my aid the tender heart of Mary, my august protectress and my mother, and the assistance of St. Louis, my patron and the most illustrious of my ancestors! Open, O Adorable Heart, and from the pure hands of my powerful intercessors receive graciously the satisfactory vows my confidence inspires me to make, and which I offer Thee as the simple expression of my sentiments.
    If, by an effect of Thy infinite goodness, O God, I regain my liberty, my crown, and my royal power, I solemnly promise:
    1. To revoke as soon as possible all the laws that shall be pointed out to me, whether by the Pope, or by a council, or by four bishops chosen among the most virtuous and enlightened of my kingdom, as contrary to integrity and purity of faith, to the discipline and spiritual jurisdiction of the Holy Roman, Catholic, Apostolic Church, and notably the civil Constitution of the Clergy.
    2. Within a year to take, with the Pope and bishops of my kingdom, all necessary measures to establish in canonical form a solemn Feast in honor of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which shall be celebrated to perpetuity throughout France on the first Friday after the octave of the Blessed Sacrament. This shall always be followed by a public procession, to repair the outrages and profanations committed in the holy temples by schismatics, heretics, and bad Christians, during the time of our troubles.
    3. Within three month, counting from the day of my deliverance, to go in person to the Church of Notre Dame in Paris or to any other principal Church of the place in which I may be, and on a Sunday or feast, at the foot of the main altar, after the Offertory of the Mass, and in the hands of the celebrant, pronounce a solemn act of consecration of my person, family and kingdom to the Sacred Heart of Jesus with the promise to give my subjects an example of the honor and love due this Adorable Heart.
    4. During the course of a year, counting from the day of my deliverance, to erect and decorate at my own expense, in the church that I shall choose for that purpose, a chapel in which an altar shall be dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and which shall serve as an eternal monument of my gratitude, and of my unlimited confidence in the infinite merits and the inexhaustible treasures of grace enclosed in that Heart.
    5. Lastly, I resolve to renew every year, wherever I may be, on the day upon which the feast of the Sacred Heart is celebrated, the Act of Consecration contained in the third article, and to assist at the public procession that shall follow the Mass of that day.
    Today I can pronounce this engagement only in secret, but I am willing, if necessary, to sign it with my blood. The most beautiful day of my life will be that on which I shall be able to publish it aloud in the church.
    O Adorable Heart of my Savior: may my right hand be forgotten, and may I myself be forgotten, if ever I forget Thy benefits and my promises, if ever I cease to love Thee and to place in Thee my confidence and consolation!

    That was an undeniably heartfelt consecration, but it was too late! The King was executed January 21, 1793.
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  13. October 17
    Memorial of Saint Ignatius of Antioch, Bishop and Martyr
    Lectionary: 470

    Reading 1 Rom 3:21-30
    Brothers and sisters:
    Now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law,
    though testified to by the law and the prophets,
    the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ
    for all who believe.
    For there is no distinction;
    all have sinned and are deprived of the glory of God.
    They are justified freely by his grace
    through the redemption in Christ Jesus,
    whom God set forth as an expiation,
    through faith, by his Blood, to prove his righteousness
    because of the forgiveness of sins previously committed,
    through the forbearance of God–
    to prove his righteousness in the present time,
    that he might be righteous
    and justify the one who has faith in Jesus.

    What occasion is there then for boasting? It is ruled out.
    On what principle, that of works?
    No, rather on the principle of faith.
    For we consider that a person is justified by faith
    apart from works of the law.
    Does God belong to Jews alone?
    Does he not belong to Gentiles, too?
    Yes, also to Gentiles, for God is one
    and will justify the circumcised on the basis of faith
    and the uncircumcised through faith.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 130:1b-2, 3-4, 5-6ab
    R. (7) With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
    Out of the depths I cry to you, O LORD;
    LORD, hear my voice!
    Let your ears be attentive
    to my voice in supplication.
    R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
    If you, O LORD, mark iniquities,
    Lord, who can stand?
    But with you is forgiveness,
    that you may be revered.
    R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.
    I trust in the LORD;
    my soul trusts in his word.
    My soul waits for the LORD
    more than sentinels wait for the dawn.
    R. With the Lord there is mercy, and fullness of redemption.

    Alleluia Jn 14:6
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    I am the way and the truth and the life, says the Lord;
    no one comes to the Father except through me.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 11:47-54
    The Lord said:
    "Woe to you who build the memorials of the prophets
    whom your fathers killed.
    Consequently, you bear witness and give consent
    to the deeds of your ancestors,
    for they killed them and you do the building.
    Therefore, the wisdom of God said,
    'I will send to them prophets and Apostles;
    some of them they will kill and persecute'
    in order that this generation might be charged
    with the blood of all the prophets
    shed since the foundation of the world,
    from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah
    who died between the altar and the temple building.
    Yes, I tell you, this generation will be charged with their blood!
    Woe to you, scholars of the law!
    You have taken away the key of knowledge.
    You yourselves did not enter and you stopped those trying to enter."
    When Jesus left, the scribes and Pharisees
    began to act with hostility toward him
    and to interrogate him about many things,
    for they were plotting to catch him at something he might say.

    Feast day of St. Ignatius of Antioch, Bishop and martyr
    Ignatius was a bishop in Antioch of Syria and was taken prisoner during a persecution of Christians. On the way to Rome, he wrote letters to the congregations of the new Christian Churches warning them against the two prevailing heresies 1. Judaizers, who did not accept the authority of the books of the Gospel and Acts of the Apostles and clung to such Jewish practices as observing the Sabbath, and (2) docetists, who held that Christ had suffered and died only in appearance. Ignatius untiringly affirmed that the New Testament was the fulfillment of the Old Testament. He became friends with St. Polycarp and may have even met St. John the Apostle. Upon reaching Rome, he died a martyr's death by being killed by wild animals in the Colosseum.
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  14. October 18
    Feast of Saint Luke, evangelist, martyr 84 A.D., patron of doctors and painters
    Lectionary: 661

    Reading 1 2 Tm 4:10-17b
    Demas, enamored of the present world,
    deserted me and went to Thessalonica,
    Crescens to Galatia, and Titus to Dalmatia.
    Luke is the only one with me.
    Get Mark and bring him with you,
    for he is helpful to me in the ministry.
    I have sent Tychicus to Ephesus.
    When you come, bring the cloak I left with Carpus in Troas,
    the papyrus rolls, and especially the parchments.

    Alexander the coppersmith did me a great deal of harm;
    the Lord will repay him according to his deeds.
    You too be on guard against him,
    for he has strongly resisted our preaching.

    At my first defense no one appeared on my behalf,
    but everyone deserted me.
    May it not be held against them!
    But the Lord stood by me and gave me strength,
    so that through me the proclamation might be completed
    and all the Gentiles might hear it.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 145:10-11, 12-13, 17-18
    R.(12) Your friends make known, O Lord, the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.
    Let all your works give you thanks, O LORD,
    and let your faithful ones bless you.
    Let them discourse of the glory of your Kingdom
    and speak of your might.
    R. Your friends make known, O Lord, the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.
    Making known to men your might
    and the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.
    Your Kingdom is a Kingdom for all ages,
    and your dominion endures through all generations.
    R. Your friends make known, O Lord, the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.
    The LORD is just in all his ways
    and holy in all his works.
    The LORD is near to all who call upon him,
    to all who call upon him in truth.
    R. Your friends make known, O Lord, the glorious splendor of your Kingdom.

    Alleluia See Jn 15:16
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    I chose you from the world,
    to go and bear fruit that will last, says the Lord.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 10:1-9
    The Lord Jesus appointed seventy-two disciples
    whom he sent ahead of him in pairs
    to every town and place he intended to visit.
    He said to them,
    "The harvest is abundant but the laborers are few;
    so ask the master of the harvest
    to send out laborers for his harvest.
    Go on your way;
    behold, I am sending you like lambs among wolves.
    Carry no money bag, no sack, no sandals;
    and greet no one along the way.
    Into whatever house you enter,
    first say, 'Peace to this household.'
    If a peaceful person lives there,
    your peace will rest on him;
    but if not, it will return to you.
    Stay in the same house and eat and drink what is offered to you,
    for the laborer deserves payment.
    Do not move about from one house to another.
    Whatever town you enter and they welcome you,
    eat what is set before you,
    cure the sick in it and say to them,
    'The Kingdom of God is at hand for you.'"

    Luke was born in Antioch, Syria of the Roman Empire. He was a doctor, and a friend of St. Paul. The Early Church Fathers credit Luke with writing both the Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, which would mean Luke contributed over a quarter of the text of the New Testament, more than any other author. As the author of a Gospel, St. Luke is represented in artistic depictions of the Gospel writers as an ox with wings. Luke began his writings by addressing them to Theophilus the name means "Lover of God," and could mean any Christian though most interpreters consider it a reference to a Christian convert or Luke's literary patron. Saint Luke is credited with being the first artist to paint the Madonna and Child making him the first icon painter. The Black Madonna of Czestochowa may even have been his work and also the Hodegetria (now lost) of Constantinople. He was martyred and one account of his cause of death was by hanging from an olive tree.
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  15. October 19
    Memorial of Saints John de Brébeuf and Isaac Jogues, Priests, and Companions, Martyrs
    Lectionary: 472

    Reading 1 Rom 4:13, 16-18
    Brothers and sisters:
    It was not through the law
    that the promise was made to Abraham and his descendants
    that he would inherit the world,
    but through the righteousness that comes from faith.
    For this reason, it depends on faith,
    so that it may be a gift,
    and the promise may be guaranteed to all his descendants,
    not to those who only adhere to the law
    but to those who follow the faith of Abraham,
    who is the father of all of us, as it is written,
    I have made you father of many nations.
    He is our father in the sight of God,
    in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead
    and calls into being what does not exist.
    He believed, hoping against hope,
    that he would become the father of many nations,
    according to what was said, Thus shall your descendants be.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 105:6-7, 8-9, 42-43
    R.(8a) The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
    You descendants of Abraham, his servants,
    sons of Jacob, his chosen ones!
    He, the LORD, is our God;
    throughout the earth his judgments prevail.
    R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
    He remembers forever his covenant
    which he made binding for a thousand generations –
    Which he entered into with Abraham
    and by his oath to Isaac.
    R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.
    For he remembered his holy word
    to his servant Abraham.
    And he led forth his people with joy;
    with shouts of joy, his chosen ones.
    R. The Lord remembers his covenant for ever.

    Alleluia Jn 15:26b, 27a
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    The Spirit of truth will testify to me, says the Lord,
    and you also will testify.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 12:8-12
    Jesus said to his disciples:
    "I tell you,
    everyone who acknowledges me before others
    the Son of Man will acknowledge before the angels of God.
    But whoever denies me before others
    will be denied before the angels of God.

    "Everyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man will be forgiven,
    but the one who blasphemes against the Holy Spirit
    will not be forgiven.
    When they take you before synagogues and before rulers and authorities,
    do not worry about how or what your defense will be
    or about what you are to say.
    For the Holy Spirit will teach you at that moment what you should say."

    Feast day for Sts. Isaac Jogues, John de Brebeuf and the other Jesuit missionaries that were martyred in 1649 (North American martyrs). This piece on their lives is very well done. https://catholicism.org/eight-na-martyrs.html They suffered so much for the faith and they loved God so much.
    Also the feast day of St. Peter of Alcantara (1499- 1562) Patron of Brazil
    A Franciscan priest who worked in the court of King John III of Portugal. He received permission to withdraw to become a hermit. In living this penitential life, he only ate every three days and slept only one hour of the day in a cell so small that he couldn't fully stretch out in. In 1560 he met St. Teresa of Avila, who at the time was suffering from scrupulosity and anxiety. Fr. Peter became her confessor and advisor. He encouraged Sr. Teresa to reform the Carmelites. St. Teresa wrote about Fr. Peter in her autobiography. Fr. Peter wrote a book on prayer. St. Peter died on his knees.
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  16. October 20
    Twenty-ninth Sunday in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 147

    Reading 1 Ex 17:8-13
    In those days, Amalek came and waged war against Israel.
    Moses, therefore, said to Joshua,
    "Pick out certain men,
    and tomorrow go out and engage Amalek in battle.
    I will be standing on top of the hill
    with the staff of God in my hand."
    So Joshua did as Moses told him:
    he engaged Amalek in battle
    after Moses had climbed to the top of the hill with Aaron and Hur.
    As long as Moses kept his hands raised up,
    Israel had the better of the fight,
    but when he let his hands rest,
    Amalek had the better of the fight.
    Moses'hands, however, grew tired;
    so they put a rock in place for him to sit on.
    Meanwhile Aaron and Hur supported his hands,
    one on one side and one on the other,
    so that his hands remained steady till sunset.
    And Joshua mowed down Amalek and his people
    with the edge of the sword.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 121:1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8
    R.(cf. 2) Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
    I lift up my eyes toward the mountains;
    whence shall help come to me?
    My help is from the LORD,
    who made heaven and earth.
    R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
    May he not suffer your foot to slip;
    may he slumber not who guards you:
    indeed he neither slumbers nor sleeps,
    the guardian of Israel.
    R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
    The LORD is your guardian; the LORD is your shade;
    he is beside you at your right hand.
    The sun shall not harm you by day,
    nor the moon by night.
    R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
    The LORD will guard you from all evil;
    he will guard your life.
    The LORD will guard your coming and your going,
    both now and forever.
    R. Our help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

    Reading 2 2 Tm 3:14-4:2
    Remain faithful to what you have learned and believed,
    because you know from whom you learned it,
    and that from infancy you have known the sacred Scriptures,
    which are capable of giving you wisdom for salvation
    through faith in Christ Jesus.
    All Scripture is inspired by God
    and is useful for teaching, for refutation, for correction,
    and for training in righteousness,
    so that one who belongs to God may be competent,
    equipped for every good work.

    I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus,
    who will judge the living and the dead,
    and by his appearing and his kingly power:
    proclaim the word;
    be persistent whether it is convenient or inconvenient;
    convince, reprimand, encourage through all patience and teaching.

    Alleluia Heb 4:12
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    The word of God is living and effective,
    discerning reflections and thoughts of the heart.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 18:1-8
    Jesus told his disciples a parable
    about the necessity for them to pray always without becoming weary.
    He said, "There was a judge in a certain town
    who neither feared God nor respected any human being.
    And a widow in that town used to come to him and say,
    'Render a just decision for me against my adversary.'
    For a long time the judge was unwilling, but eventually he thought,
    'While it is true that I neither fear God nor respect any human being,
    because this widow keeps bothering me
    I shall deliver a just decision for her
    lest she finally come and strike me.'"
    The Lord said, "Pay attention to what the dishonest judge says.
    Will not God then secure the rights of his chosen ones
    who call out to him day and night?
    Will he be slow to answer them?
    I tell you, he will see to it that justice is done for them speedily.
    But when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?"

    Saint Paul of the Cross
    Paul of the Cross was an Italian mystic, and founder of the Passionists.
    St. Paul of the Cross was born at Ovada in the Republic of Genoa, January 3, 1694. His infancy and youth were spent in great innocence and piety. He was inspired from on high to found a congregation; in an ecstacy he beheld the habit which he and his companions were to wear. Known as the Passionists, they add a fourth vow to the traditional three of poverty, chastity, and obedience, to spread the memory of Christ's passion among the faithful. Paul was elected superior general of the Congregation in 1747, spending the remainder of his life in Rome.
    Saint Irene of Tomar died in 653 A.D. as a martyr of the Church in Portugal.
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  17. October 21

    Monday of the Twenty-ninth Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 473

    Reading 1 Rom 4:20-25
    Brothers and sisters:
    Abraham did not doubt God's promise in unbelief;
    rather, he was empowered by faith and gave glory to God
    and was fully convinced that what God had promised
    he was also able to do.
    That is why it was credited to him as righteousness.
    But it was not for him alone that it was written
    that it was credited to him;
    it was also for us, to whom it will be credited,
    who believe in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
    who was handed over for our transgressions
    and was raised for our justification.

    Responsorial Psalm Luke 1:69-70, 71-72, 73-75
    R.(see 68) Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; he has come to his people.
    He has come to his people and set them free.
    He has raised up for us a mighty savior,
    born of the house of his servant David.
    R. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; he has come to his people.
    Through his holy prophets he promised of old
    that he would save us from our enemies,
    from the hands of all who hate us.
    He promised to show mercy to our fathers
    and to remember his holy covenant.
    R. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; he has come to his people.
    This was the oath he swore to our father Abraham:
    to set us free from the hands of our enemies,
    free to worship him without fear,
    holy and righteous in his sight all the days of our life.
    R. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel; he has come to his people.

    Alleluia Mt 5:3
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Blessed are the poor in spirit;
    for theirs is the Kingdom of heaven.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 12:13-21
    Someone in the crowd said to Jesus,
    "Teacher, tell my brother to share the inheritance with me."
    He replied to him,
    "Friend, who appointed me as your judge and arbitrator?"
    Then he said to the crowd,
    "Take care to guard against all greed,
    for though one may be rich,
    one's life does not consist of possessions."

    Then he told them a parable.
    "There was a rich man whose land produced a bountiful harvest.
    He asked himself, 'What shall I do,
    for I do not have space to store my harvest?'
    And he said, 'This is what I shall do:
    I shall tear down my barns and build larger ones.
    There I shall store all my grain and other goods
    and I shall say to myself, "Now as for you,
    you have so many good things stored up for many years,
    rest, eat, drink, be merry!"'
    But God said to him,
    'You fool, this night your life will be demanded of you;
    and the things you have prepared, to whom will they belong?'
    Thus will it be for the one who stores up treasure for himself
    but is not rich in what matters to God."

    Saint Ursula and companions, Virgin, Martyr died 383
    Ursula was a princess was thought to be besieged by Huns, along with all the virgins in a massacre in Cologne. The Huns' leader fatally shot Ursula with a bow and arrow in about 383 AD.
    Saint Hilarion died 371
    Hilarion was an anchorite who spent most of his life in the desert according to the example of Anthony the Great. He is considered to be the founder of Palestinian monasticism and venerated as a saint by Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.
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  18. October 22

    Tuesday of the Twenty-ninth Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 474

    Reading 1 Rom 5:12, 15b, 17-19, 20b-21
    Brothers and sisters:
    Through one man sin entered the world,
    and through sin, death,
    and thus death came to all men, inasmuch as all sinned.

    If by that one person's transgression the many died,
    how much more did the grace of God
    and the gracious gift of the one man Jesus Christ
    overflow for the many.
    For if, by the transgression of the one,
    death came to reign through that one,
    how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace
    and the gift of justification
    come to reign in life through the one Jesus Christ.
    In conclusion, just as through one transgression
    condemnation came upon all,
    so, through one righteous act
    acquittal and life came to all.
    For just as through the disobedience of one man
    the many were made sinners,
    so, through the obedience of the one
    the many will be made righteous.
    Where sin increased, grace overflowed all the more,
    so that, as sin reigned in death,
    grace also might reign through justification
    for eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 40:7-8a, 8b-9, 10, 17
    R.(8a and 9a) Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
    Sacrifice or oblation you wished not,
    but ears open to obedience you gave me.
    Burnt offerings or sin offerings you sought not;
    then said I, "Behold I come."
    R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
    "In the written scroll it is prescribed for me,
    To do your will, O my God, is my delight,
    and your law is within my heart!"
    R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
    I announced your justice in the vast assembly;
    I did not restrain my lips, as you, O LORD, know.
    R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.
    May all who seek you
    exult and be glad in you,
    And may those who love your salvation
    say ever, "The LORD be glorified."
    R. Here I am, Lord; I come to do your will.

    Alleluia Lk 21:36
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Be vigilant at all times and pray
    that you may have the strength to stand before the Son of Man.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 12:35-38
    Jesus said to his disciples:
    "Gird your loins and light your lamps
    and be like servants who await their master's return from a wedding,
    ready to open immediately when he comes and knocks.
    Blessed are those servants
    whom the master finds vigilant on his arrival.
    Amen, I say to you, he will gird himself,
    have them recline at table, and proceed to wait on them.
    And should he come in the second or third watch
    and find them prepared in this way,
    blessed are those servants."

    Feast Day of Saint John Paul II
    Pope John Paul II Prayer for Peace
    Lord Jesus Christ, who are called the Prince of Peace, who are Yourself our peace and reconciliation, who so often said, “Peace to you” – please grant us peace. Make all men and women witnesses of truth, justice and brotherly love . Banish from their hearts whatever might endanger peace . Enlighten our rulers that they may guarantee and defend the great gift of peace. May all peoples on the earth become as brothers and sisters. May longed-for peace blossom forth and reign always over us all. Amen. “Do not be afraid. Open wide the doors for Christ!" Saint John Paul II
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  19. October 23
    Wednesday of the Twenty-ninth Week in Ordinary Time
    Lectionary: 475

    Reading 1 Rom 6:12-18

    Brothers and sisters:
    Sin must not reign over your mortal bodies
    so that you obey their desires.
    And do not present the parts of your bodies to sin
    as weapons for wickedness,
    but present yourselves to God as raised from the dead to life
    and the parts of your bodies to God
    as weapons for righteousness.
    For sin is not to have any power over you,
    since you are not under the law but under grace.

    What then? Shall we sin because we are not under the law
    but under grace?
    Of course not!
    Do you not know that if you present yourselves
    to someone as obedient slaves,
    you are slaves of the one you obey,
    either of sin, which leads to death,
    or of obedience, which leads to righteousness?
    But thanks be to God that, although you were once slaves of sin,
    you have become obedient from the heart
    to the pattern of teaching to which you were entrusted.
    Freed from sin, you have become slaves of righteousness.

    Responsorial Psalm Ps 124:1b-3, 4-6, 7-8
    R.(8a) Our help is in the name of the Lord.
    Had not the LORD been with us,
    let Israel say, had not the LORD been with us–
    When men rose up against us,
    then would they have swallowed us alive;
    When their fury was inflamed against us.
    R. Our help is in the name of the Lord.
    Then would the waters have overwhelmed us;
    The torrent would have swept over us;
    over us then would have swept the raging waters.
    Blessed be the LORD, who did not leave us
    a prey to their teeth.
    R. Our help is in the name of the Lord.
    We were rescued like a bird
    from the fowlers' snare;
    Broken was the snare,
    and we were freed.
    Our help is in the name of the LORD,
    who made heaven and earth.
    R. Our help is in the name of the Lord.

    Alleluia Mt 24:42a, 44
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.
    Stay awake!
    For you do not know when the Son of Man will come.
    R. Alleluia, alleluia.

    Gospel Lk 12:39-48
    Jesus said to his disciples:
    "Be sure of this:
    if the master of the house had known the hour
    when the thief was coming,
    he would not have let his house be broken into.
    You also must be prepared,
    for at an hour you do not expect, the Son of Man will come."

    Then Peter said,
    "Lord, is this parable meant for us or for everyone?"
    And the Lord replied,
    "Who, then, is the faithful and prudent steward
    whom the master will put in charge of his servants
    to distribute the food allowance at the proper time?
    Blessed is that servant whom his master on arrival finds doing so.
    Truly, I say to you, he will put him
    in charge of all his property.
    But if that servant says to himself,
    'My master is delayed in coming,'
    and begins to beat the menservants and the maidservants,
    to eat and drink and get drunk,
    then that servant's master will come
    on an unexpected day and at an unknown hour
    and will punish the servant severely
    and assign him a place with the unfaithful.
    That servant who knew his master's will
    but did not make preparations nor act in accord with his will
    shall be beaten severely;
    and the servant who was ignorant of his master's will
    but acted in a way deserving of a severe beating
    shall be beaten only lightly.
    Much will be required of the person entrusted with much,
    and still more will be demanded of the person entrusted with more."

    Memorial of Saint John of Capistrano
    St. John was born at Capistrano, Italy in June 24, 1385, the son of a former German knight in that city. He studied law at the University of Perugia and practiced as a lawyer in the courts of Naples. King Ladislas of Naples appointed him governor of Perugia. He became a Franciscan priest. He and St. James of the March were fellow students under St. Bernardine of Siena, who inspired him to institute the devotion to the holy Name of Jesus and His Mother. After his ordination he traveled throughout Italy, Germany, Bohemia, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Russia preaching penance and establishing numerous communities of Franciscan renewal. When Mohammed II was threatening Vienna and Rome, St. John, at the age of seventy, was commissioned by Pope Callistus III to preach and lead a crusade against the invading Turks. Marching at the head of seventy thousand Christians, he gained victory in the great battle of Belgrade against the Turks in 1456. Three months later he died at Illok, Hungary. His feast day is October 23. He is the patron of jurists.
    Died:Oct 23, 1456, Ilok, Syrmia, Kingdom of Croatia in union with Hungary
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